Josephson, Brian

Josephson, Brian

Brian David Josephson was born on January 4, 1940. He is a British theoretical physicist and professor emeritus of physics at the University of Cambridge. Best known for his pioneering work on superconductivity and quantum tunneling.

In 1973 Josephson was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his prediction of the Josephson effect, made in 1962. Brian Josephson shared the prize with physicists Leo Esaki and Ivar Giaever, who jointly received half the award for their own work on quantum tunnelling.

Brian Josephson has spent his academic career as a member of the Theory of Condensed Matter group at Cambridge's Cavendish Laboratory. He has been a fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge since 1962, and served as professor of physics from 1974 until 2007.

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