D.E.V.I.C.E. is an encyclopedia of terms used by manufacturers of test and measurement equipment. T&M Atlantic created this service to better explain the functionality of instruments it offers, and to highlight the latest developments in the world of measurement equipment. We are using such tools as animation to bring words and pictures to life and to create not just an understanding but also an appreciation for technology that goes into the design of every instrument.
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On November 18, 1971 Intel released its first microprocessor (Model 4004), which started a revolution in electronics.
In 1969 Intel changed the electronics industry with the release of ICs with 1Kb memory superior to any other available ones at that time. Due to the Intel's success in designing and manufacturing chips the Japanese Busicomp company contacted it and suggested to produce 12 chips for one of their calculators.
Intel engineers took the 12-chip design and combined all the desired features and capabilities into one generic multi-purpose chip. The concept was to build an almost complete computing device on a single chip that was named Intel 4004 four-bit microprocessor. With its fingernail size this chip had the same processing power as the first electronic computer ENIAC created in 1946.