First electromagnet in the world

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First electromagnet in the world

The first electromagnet was created by William Sturgeon who demonstrated it to the Society of Arts on May 23, 1825. It was a horseshoe-shaped lacquered iron rod 30 cm long and 1.3 cm in diameter, on top it was covered with a single layer of insulated copper wire.

The electromagnet was supplied from a galvanic battery (voltaic pile) and could hold 3600 g and significantly surpassed natural magnets of the same mass. It was a brilliant achievement for those times.

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